WHAT IS MANAGEMENT?
Management is known as a position with responsibility for the implementation of a task or a project, an area in the company or the companies itselves. Most likely we see that you have the responsible of employees, who also work in the project, in the same department or in the company.
There are many levels of management, and the work tasks varies a lot in the different positions. In bigger companies you will often see that there are more than one manager, who has their different areas of responsibilities. This is because the big companies put more work into each area, whereas smaller companies easier can cope with having more areas.
WHERE CAN YOU WORK WITH MANAGEMENT?
Management exists in all areas. The difference lies in how it’s being used and how the individual manager takes the responsibility.
There is for example a big difference in the work tasks as a restaurant manager and as the security manager in an airport. Both have the responsibility for a part of the running of the company, but the results are very different, so that it’s almost only the responsibility part that is the same in the two positions. But it’s possible to use the same style of management across different businesses and manager positions.
Managers are not just existing in companies, but also in public institutions, in non-profit organisations and in unions and clubs. If we look at the primary school, the headmaster will be the top leader, followed by the vice principal and under this the head of the different classes.
What kind of managers are there?
In bigger companies, you will see that there is a board of directors that has a lot to do with the company’s overall strategy. The board of directors work with the company in a overall plan, and they cooperate with other intern managers. There are often one or more managers that will work as board of directors. The difference is that a manager will have more to do with the concrete running of the company, whereas the board of directors focus on the overall strategy.
Under the manager there can be several department managers, that will have the responsibility of areas like economics, sales and marketing, purchase, production etc. The department managers make sure that the individual department work like it should and achieves their goals. The department manager can have one or more middle managers to help with the daily running of the company. It can be an advantage if you have the responsibility of different departments. A district manager has many store managers to run the stores in the everyday life, while the district manager drives to the different stores and take the overall decisions.
Some places you will see team leaders who will take responsibility of a certain group of people. This can be in a sales department, where you have different salesmen's selling different products. Therefore, there will be a team leader for every product group.
Last but not least there can be a project manager, who only manage a certain task. This is often shown in construction, where the companies send out a team to complete a project - and under this you chose a project manager.
There are therefore many types of different managers. They have in common that they each take care of an area. The managers that are highest in the hierarchy have a close cooperation with the other leaders and don’t see the other employees as much. A department manager or middle manager has more contact to the employees. These managers work as a link between the employees and the board of directors.
Positions in this business
There are many different positions in management and some of them require more experience or a higher level of education than others. All positions do require that you have overview and can take responsibility, while it’s also important to show sympathy and respect for your employees. Furthermore, it requires a great knowledge about how the company, organisation or union work and their products or services.
Positions in management could be:
- Production manager
- Store manager
- Finance director
- Deputy manager
The director is as mentioned earlier at the highest level of the company. The director will often own a big part of the company or be chosen by the board do to his qualifications. If it’s a joint-stock company, the director is chosen because of the interests of the stockholders or the company.
A consultant can be both employed interned and externed in the company. Consultants can work for companies in many different businesses. The most important job for them is to give great advice and guidance in the area or field that you specialize in. A consulent can be hired to counsel about good staff relations.
WHAT KIND OF MANAGEMENT STYLES ARE THERE?
There are many different ways of being a good leader and there are many different management styles that you can follow. In general, the manager’s role will be to create a good relationship to the employees in the same time that the company reaches their goals and strategies.
You have influence on how the daily work is for the employees. Therefore, it’s the manager’s job to make sure that the employees work well together and reaches the goals. You can say that the manager makes sure that the group of employees together lift the company. This can be seen in the development of a new product, more successful sales etc. A department manager also have more practical tasks, such as making duty schedules or payment.
When you are a manager, it’s important to see yourself as a part of a team, instead of just delegate tasks and observing the employees.
As mentioned earlier, it’s very different how much responsibility and what tasks the individual manager has. And this has an influence on the management style. For example: A major in the military might not have a management style, that would work in other workplaces.